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Sonata IX for violin and continuo in C minor

Carlo Ambroglio Lonati (b. 1645 - d. 1710)

Gareth Hulse

Gareth Hulse

Composer
Carlo Ambroglio Lonati (b. 1645 - d. 1710)
Composition Year
1701
Work Movements
1. Largo - spirituoso
2. Alemanda
3. Largo
4. Giga
5. Minuè
Artists
Sarah McMahon [cello], David Miller [lute], Jonathan Cohen [harpsichord], Sophie Gent [violin]

Programme Note Writer:
© Francis Humphrys

Lonati is one of the many composers from the intense development of 17th and early 18th century Italian music to have slipped between the uncertain records of that era. He was known as the Queen’s hunchback as he was leader of the orchestra of the cross-dressing and physically deformed Christina of Sweden, who moved to Italy after her abdication. Arcangelo Corelli, who has been better treated by history, was a rank-and-file violinist in the Queen’s orchestra and may well have been inspired by Lonati’s startling virtuosity and polyphonic writing for the violin. Lonati and Corelli both produced major collections of violin sonatas at the beginning of the new century.

The only known manuscript source of Lonati's 12 sonatas, formerly held at the Sächsische Landesbibliothek, Dresden, was lost during World War II. Based on pre-war photographs, Christoph Timpe has issued a facsimile of the collection. On the surface it shows the same layout as several other Italian sets of violin sonatas of the period. The 12 sonatas are divided into six sonate da chiesa and five sonate da camera, culminating in an extended set of divisions on a ground bass. The collection also has a number of archaic elements, such as unexpected harmonic alterations, extrovert rhetorical gestures and a degree of virtuosity unknown to the following generation of Italian violinists. All arias display extensive polyphonic writing and hence double-stopping.

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Sonata IX for violin and continuo in C minor

Composer: Carlo Ambroglio Lonati (b. 1645 - d. 1710)
Performance date: Wednesday 1st July 2015
Venue: St. Brendan's Church, Bantry, Co Cork, Ireland

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Composer Carlo Ambroglio Lonati (b. 1645 - d. 1710)
Work Title Sonata IX for violin and continuo in C minor
Composition Year 1701
Work Movements 1. Largo - spirituoso
2. Alemanda
3. Largo
4. Giga
5. Minuè
Artist(s) Sarah McMahon [cello], David Miller [lute], Jonathan Cohen [harpsichord], Sophie Gent [violin]
Performance Date Wednesday 1st July 2015
Performance Venue St. Brendan's Church, Bantry, Co Cork, Ireland
Event Coffee Concert
Duration 00:14:07
Recording Engineer Richard McCullough, RTÉ lyric fm
Instrumentation Category Baroque Ensemble
Instrumentation vn, vc, lu, hpd
Programme Note Writer © Francis Humphrys

Lonati is one of the many composers from the intense development of 17th and early 18th century Italian music to have slipped between the uncertain records of that era. He was known as the Queen’s hunchback as he was leader of the orchestra of the cross-dressing and physically deformed Christina of Sweden, who moved to Italy after her abdication. Arcangelo Corelli, who has been better treated by history, was a rank-and-file violinist in the Queen’s orchestra and may well have been inspired by Lonati’s startling virtuosity and polyphonic writing for the violin. Lonati and Corelli both produced major collections of violin sonatas at the beginning of the new century.

The only known manuscript source of Lonati's 12 sonatas, formerly held at the Sächsische Landesbibliothek, Dresden, was lost during World War II. Based on pre-war photographs, Christoph Timpe has issued a facsimile of the collection. On the surface it shows the same layout as several other Italian sets of violin sonatas of the period. The 12 sonatas are divided into six sonate da chiesa and five sonate da camera, culminating in an extended set of divisions on a ground bass. The collection also has a number of archaic elements, such as unexpected harmonic alterations, extrovert rhetorical gestures and a degree of virtuosity unknown to the following generation of Italian violinists. All arias display extensive polyphonic writing and hence double-stopping.